POST GLOBALISATION INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT IN SANGLI DISTRICT
Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Asst. Prof.Dr. Nitin Vinayak Gaikwad
Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Head of Geography Department,
Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Dr. Patangrao Kadam Mahavidyalya,
Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Sangli.
Â Â ABSTRACT
Sangli is among the largest grape producing districts in India and houses a large
Wholesale grape market. The industrial town of Kirloskarwadi is also situated in
Sangli District. Industrialist Laxmanrao Kirloskar started his first Â factory at Â Â this
Place. Kirloskarwadi is one of the most beautiful industrial towns in India. After GlobalisationThe district is mainly recognized for sugar and cotton textile industries in the state. There are 12 co-operative sugar factories and 21 cotton industries in the District. The city Vita, Madhavnagar area of Sangli is famous for power looms. There are six state industrial estates in the district situated at Sangli, Miraj, Vita, Kavthe-Mahankal, Islampur and Kadegaon and four co-operative industrial estates situated at Sangli, Miraj and Palus. There are near about 7032 registered small scale industries in Sangli district. There are 9 industrial training institutes in Sangli district. The present research paper was undertaken to Geographical review the post globalization industrial development in Sangli district.
Keywords: MIDC industrial areas, specialized industrial parks and export zones, trade and industries in Sangli.
Sangli has the largest trading centre for turmeric in Asia. The green city is inside what is called ‘Sugar Belt’ of Maharashtra. The district has more than thirteen sugar factories, which makes it among the highest sugar-producing districts of India. It also has oil seeds, commodities and fruit market.Â Sangli is also known for high quality grapes and houses many state and privately owned cold storage facilities. A grape wine park spread over 1.42 kmÂ² (350 acres) has been established at Palus, 30 km from Sangli city. A brand new Sangli Food Park, spread across 1.2 kmÂ² (300 acres) is under construction at Alkud Mane-Rajuri.Â The twin cities, Sangli and Miraj have merged to form the largest urban agglomeration in Southern Maharashtra. The cities have important education centres offering graduate and post graduate quality education in the areas of arts, science, management, medicine, and engineering. The twin cities offers infrastructure that includes railway junction, affordable housing, public transport, telephone, high speed internet, quality hotels, a multiplex, shopping mall and a state-of-art sports complex.Â Sangli is now emerging as one of the largest power generation hubs of India. Reliance Wind Energy (RWE), is setting up 150-MW wind power project worth Rs 900 crore with Suzlon Energy. Suzlon Energy will set up the wind farm in Sangli, one of the known wind zones in the state.Â Miraj, also the capital of one of the former Princely States, is renowned for the manufacturing musical instruments.
MIDC industrial areas in SangliÂ –
- Sangli-Miraj Industrial Area
- Vasantdada Industrial Estate
- Marathe Industrial Estate
- Islampur Industrial Area
- Palus Industrial Area
- Kadegaon Industrial Area
- Vita Industrial Area
- Kavathe mahankal Industrial Area
- Shirala or Battis Shirala Industrial Area
- Jath Industrial Area
- Chitale Dairy, Bhilawadi Station
Specialized industrial parks and export zones–
- Krishna Valley Wine Park, Palus
- Sangli Food Park, Mane-Rajuri
- Sangli Infotech Park
- Textile Park, Kadegaon
- Readymade Garments Park, Vita
TRADE AND INDUSTRIES:-
- World-famous Turmeric of SangliÂ
The country’s sole turmeric exchange in Sangli city boasts secrets gained through a centuries-old practice storing turmeric in pits. These pits stretch far out in the open fields of the villages of Haripur and Sangalwadi. It is possibly the most unusual agricultural commodity-storage system in the country.Â After clearing the loose soil covering the pit, it is left open for about two to three hours. One cannot enter the pit until one finds out if there is any oxygen within. To ascertain this, a lantern is lowered into the pit. If the lantern does not go out, it is safe to enter the pit.Â Today, more than 80% of the turmeric trade in India takes place Â Â in Sangli.
- Sangli: Sugar Belt
The Sangli region is known as the “Sugar Belt of India”. This region houses over thirteen large sugar factories. Vasantdada Patil, who served as chief minister of Maharashtra for four terms, started the co-operative movement which helped Maharashtra become the most developed state in India. Most of the sugar factories of the Sangli sugar belt work on the co-operative basis.Â Vasantdada Sugar Factory near Sangli city was the largest sugar plant in Asia till late 90s.
- Krishna Valley Wine ParkÂ
The Sangli district has recently entered into wine industry, and has achieved some success in producing classic vintage categories.Â Wine producers in Sangli make distinctive, classic wines using imported root stocks. The fertile soil of the Sahyadri hills region, and the long sunny days and dry climate make for an excellent product. The government of Maharashtra has set up a specialized state-of-the-art wine park at Palus, 30 km from Sangli city. This 142 acre (575,000 mÂ²) park, is located at Palus, which produces one of the best-quality grapes in the world.Â Krishna Valley Wine Park has an International Quality Wine Institute which has been set up in association with the Bharati Vidyapeeth, a leading university of India. The institute carries out research in wine manufacturing.
- Sangli Food ParkÂ
The park is being planned on a 305 acre (1.2 square kilometre) plot at Mane-Rajuri near Sangli city. Cebeco (India) is the consultant for the project.Â The location is best suited for processing grapes, turmeric, mangoes, pomegranates, citrus fruits and custard apple.Â Common facilities planned are cold-storage, effluent treatment and social infrastructure.
- Sangli IT Park
The city now has an Infotech Park with state-of-the-art facilities waiting for Infotech companies to start operations. Sangli Infotech Park has state-of-the-art modern facilities for software companies. The park is located in an attractive locality surrounded by greenery.In Islampur newly software hub is going to be constructed by Jayant Patil the Home Minister of Maharashtra. IT companies like Infosys, Patni, CapGemini,Cognizant and much more domestic small companies are ready to locate and some of them have started their construction in Islampur.
- Sangli Emerging Wind Power Hub in Asia
Suzlon, the largest wind power generation company in India has set up a number of electric power generation wind farms in Sangli. Now, Reliance India’s largest private sector company is setting up 150 MW wind power project worth 90 Billion Indian rupees in Sangli in partnership with Suzlon. This wind power project will generate 380 million units of electricity per annum and generate employment for thousands of skilled / unskilled youth in Sangli.Â With this mega power plant, Sangli finds a place on the global map as a major Power Generation Hub.
- Chadha, G.K and Sahu P.P. (2003), “Small Scale Agro-Industry in India: Low
- Productivity is Its Achilles Heel”, Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics,
- 58, No.3, July-September, pp.518-524.
- Opcit, NABARD, pp 23-32.
- Economic Survey of Maharashtra, 2008-2009, pp 02-04.
- Ibid pp. 88-99.
- Ibid pp 124-132.
- P. Kachru, (2005), âAgro-Processing Industries in IndiaâGrowth, Status
and Prospectsâ, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Delhi, pp 114-116.
- Gaikwad, S. B. and Gaikwad, N. S. (2014): Raisin, Kishmish Industry in India, Vidya Prakashan,C, 449 Gujaini, Kanpur-22.
- Gade, A. D., Gaikwad, S. B. (2014): Economics of production and Value addition to Wine Industry in Sangli District of Maharashtra Indian Streams Research Journal,ISSN2230-7850,Volume : IV, Issue : IX, October, Pp-1-8.
- MIDC Industrial areas in Sangli district.
- District Industries Centre (DIC), Sangli.